Human growth hormone is medically known as somatotropin. It forms one of the major constituents of the endocrine system in human. It brings about the growth and development of the muscle mass and bone density at the time of puberty.
It is produced in small amounts by the pituitary gland at regular intervals. The gland is situated in the skull, at the junction of the lower brain and medulla oblongata. It is the main agent, which promotes the growth in children. HGH declines with age. However, in rare cases a child may be having deficient of the growth hormone. It requires attention and medical treatment.
Symptoms of low level of HGH in children
- Slow growth rate for the particular age group
- Short structure
- Accumulation of fat cells in the lower portion of the body
- Slow rate of growing teeth
- Delayed puberty
These are the symptoms when there is a lower production of HGH. Parents can recognize these symptoms after six months of the babys birth. A child does not properly grow if he has lower GH production. Underproduction of it causes dwarfism. Therefore, it is very important to take medicines by a doctor under his supervision.
Symptoms of low HGH levels in adults
- Weak cardiac muscle
- High blood pressure
- High glucose level and cholesterol
- High amount of fat accumulation
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Slow wound healing
- Decreased bone strength and lean mass
A collection of all the above symptoms is known as Prader Willi Syndrome in medical terms. It can be treated with medicines.
However, sometimes-even children suffer from it. The child should be monitored carefully after the dosage. Glucose intolerance can also occur. Therefore, urine test should be done at regular intervals.
Other associated abnormalities -
A person suffering from insufficient level of growth hormone may suffer from
Insomnia- the person tends to remain awake at night, even if he is tired. Sleeping at odd hours is also noticed.
Short bowel system increased oxygenation of body cells occur due to lower level of GH hormone. As a result, the person appears to be lethargic and fatigued. Constipation occurs due to the formation of acidity as it increases the acid concentration in the stomach. Therefore, a person suffers from problems in the bowel movement.
Fast aging lower the level of GH, higher is the rate of formation of wrinkles. The cell multiplication and formation level degenerates.
Turners syndrome it is a rare genetic disorder that affects only girls. One functional X chromosome causes it. It creates mental, physical and abnormal disorders. It is caused by the absent of Growth hormone and other associated female hormones. It causes infertility in female.
Hormones work in-group in the endocrine system. Therefore, it is very essential for all the hormones to be present at accurate level for smooth functioning.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has legalised the usage of Growth Hormones in the above diseases. Humatrope and Genotropin is the most used drug. Clinical help and professional medical supervision is always recommended.